Presentation Title

Search and Rescue in Indoor Environments using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Start Date

November 2016

End Date

November 2016

Location

HUB 265

Type of Presentation

Oral Talk

Abstract

One of the applications of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) is for search and rescue missions. UAS can be employed to search for victims in cases of natural disaster such as earthquake, flood, and fire. Deploying manned aircraft in some of these situations can pose a significant threat to the pilot and the aircraft. In fact, manned aircraft is not applicable when the search and rescue mission is conducted in indoor environments. Often times, it is difficult to assist victims trapped inside buildings without endangering the lives of rescue teams. Rotary-wing UASs such as multicopters show an enormous potential to be used for search and rescue missions in the indoor environments. However, there may be some challenges and limitations in deploying them such as the size of the vehicles, the amount of the payload, the lack of GPS signal and map of the environment, and the obstacles such as walls. In this project, two small multicopters are used for search and rescue missions in the indoor environment. One of the multicopters is used as a search vehicle, and the second is used as a rescue vehicle. The main advantage of this method is the fact that the agility of small-sized vehicles can be utilized without compromising the mission through payload distribution. This presentation will explain the methods of coordination between the two vehicles, the sensors and algorithms used, the methods of mapping the indoor environment, navigation in the GPS-denied environment, obstacle avoidance, and the delivery mechanism.

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Nov 12th, 10:45 AM Nov 12th, 11:00 AM

Search and Rescue in Indoor Environments using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

HUB 265

One of the applications of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) is for search and rescue missions. UAS can be employed to search for victims in cases of natural disaster such as earthquake, flood, and fire. Deploying manned aircraft in some of these situations can pose a significant threat to the pilot and the aircraft. In fact, manned aircraft is not applicable when the search and rescue mission is conducted in indoor environments. Often times, it is difficult to assist victims trapped inside buildings without endangering the lives of rescue teams. Rotary-wing UASs such as multicopters show an enormous potential to be used for search and rescue missions in the indoor environments. However, there may be some challenges and limitations in deploying them such as the size of the vehicles, the amount of the payload, the lack of GPS signal and map of the environment, and the obstacles such as walls. In this project, two small multicopters are used for search and rescue missions in the indoor environment. One of the multicopters is used as a search vehicle, and the second is used as a rescue vehicle. The main advantage of this method is the fact that the agility of small-sized vehicles can be utilized without compromising the mission through payload distribution. This presentation will explain the methods of coordination between the two vehicles, the sensors and algorithms used, the methods of mapping the indoor environment, navigation in the GPS-denied environment, obstacle avoidance, and the delivery mechanism.