Presentation Title

Public Health Care in Eritrea: How this newly independent nation has achieved the United Nations Millennium Goals for Health Care

Start Date

November 2016

End Date

November 2016

Location

HUB 302-142

Type of Presentation

Poster

Abstract

Eritrea, one of Africa’s newest nations, is located in the Horn of Africa, and is home to approximately six million inhabitants. Eritrea has a long history of colonialism and occupation, and in 1952, Eritrea was federated with Ethiopia by the United Nations. Eventually, international arrangements with the United Nations were dissolved and Ethiopia annexed Eritrea as one of its provinces. As a result, the Eritrean armed struggle for independence began and lasted from 1961 until the country’s independence in 1991.In May of 1993, Eritrea became an official member of the United Nations.The impact of the long history of colonialism and war in Eritrea can be seen as one of the underlying causes to some of the current problems that the country faces. The Ministry of Health of Eritrea has strived to provide access to health care through the investment in health facilities and services, especially in remote regions of Eritrea. Primary health care at the local level has also been the focus, in hopes of continuing the promotion of preventive health and public health education. In the year 2000, the United Nations set forth the Millennium Development Goals(MDGs), which seeks to target various issues that impede on peace and healthy global societies. Three of the MDGs specifically address health care which include; reducing infant mortality, improving maternal health and combating HIV, malaria and other diseases. Based on Eritrea’s health care model, the country has been able to achieve all three of the health related MDGs. In addition to highlighting the policies that have lead to the achievement of the those MDGs, this presentation will examine the strategic objectives of the health sector in Eritrea, and how the those objectives and goals will influence the second cycle of the Eritrea’s Health Sector Strategic Development Plan for 2017-2021.

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Public Health Care in Eritrea: How this newly independent nation has achieved the United Nations Millennium Goals for Health Care

HUB 302-142

Eritrea, one of Africa’s newest nations, is located in the Horn of Africa, and is home to approximately six million inhabitants. Eritrea has a long history of colonialism and occupation, and in 1952, Eritrea was federated with Ethiopia by the United Nations. Eventually, international arrangements with the United Nations were dissolved and Ethiopia annexed Eritrea as one of its provinces. As a result, the Eritrean armed struggle for independence began and lasted from 1961 until the country’s independence in 1991.In May of 1993, Eritrea became an official member of the United Nations.The impact of the long history of colonialism and war in Eritrea can be seen as one of the underlying causes to some of the current problems that the country faces. The Ministry of Health of Eritrea has strived to provide access to health care through the investment in health facilities and services, especially in remote regions of Eritrea. Primary health care at the local level has also been the focus, in hopes of continuing the promotion of preventive health and public health education. In the year 2000, the United Nations set forth the Millennium Development Goals(MDGs), which seeks to target various issues that impede on peace and healthy global societies. Three of the MDGs specifically address health care which include; reducing infant mortality, improving maternal health and combating HIV, malaria and other diseases. Based on Eritrea’s health care model, the country has been able to achieve all three of the health related MDGs. In addition to highlighting the policies that have lead to the achievement of the those MDGs, this presentation will examine the strategic objectives of the health sector in Eritrea, and how the those objectives and goals will influence the second cycle of the Eritrea’s Health Sector Strategic Development Plan for 2017-2021.