Presentation Title

Abstinence versus moderation: impact on patients’ quality of life.

Start Date

November 2016

End Date

November 2016

Location

HUB 302-#74

Type of Presentation

Poster

Abstract

Prior research shows that a higher quality of life is associated with higher rates of treatment success with subjects recovering from substance use disorder (SUD). In an effort to determine if there is a difference in effect of treatment goals on overall quality of life, the current study compared two approaches to treatment (abstinence and moderation) across four domains: Health, Substance Use, Lifestyle, and Community Involvement, as measured by the Treatment Effectiveness Assessment (a self-reported assessment of how patients view their recovery progress). Data was collected from clients (n=37) enrolled in an outpatient SUD treatment center located in Los Angeles, CA. We conducted paired samples t-tests within each of these four domains in order to compare the change from baseline to treatment-month two scores of the abstinence group (n=17) to those of the moderation (n=20) group. Results showed that, whereas both groups showed significant improvement within the Substance Use domain (tabs(16)= -5.110, pabs=0.0004; tmod(19)= -5.699, pmod=0.0001), only the moderation group showed significant improvement within the Health (t(19)= -3.545, p=0.0022), Lifestyle (t(19)= -3.356, p=0.0033), and Community Involvement (t(19)= -2.999, p=0.0074) domains. These findings indicate that, although choosing either abstinence or moderation as a treatment goal is associated with decreased substance use, choosing moderation as a treatment goal is associated with a greater overall improvement in quality of life.

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Abstinence versus moderation: impact on patients’ quality of life.

HUB 302-#74

Prior research shows that a higher quality of life is associated with higher rates of treatment success with subjects recovering from substance use disorder (SUD). In an effort to determine if there is a difference in effect of treatment goals on overall quality of life, the current study compared two approaches to treatment (abstinence and moderation) across four domains: Health, Substance Use, Lifestyle, and Community Involvement, as measured by the Treatment Effectiveness Assessment (a self-reported assessment of how patients view their recovery progress). Data was collected from clients (n=37) enrolled in an outpatient SUD treatment center located in Los Angeles, CA. We conducted paired samples t-tests within each of these four domains in order to compare the change from baseline to treatment-month two scores of the abstinence group (n=17) to those of the moderation (n=20) group. Results showed that, whereas both groups showed significant improvement within the Substance Use domain (tabs(16)= -5.110, pabs=0.0004; tmod(19)= -5.699, pmod=0.0001), only the moderation group showed significant improvement within the Health (t(19)= -3.545, p=0.0022), Lifestyle (t(19)= -3.356, p=0.0033), and Community Involvement (t(19)= -2.999, p=0.0074) domains. These findings indicate that, although choosing either abstinence or moderation as a treatment goal is associated with decreased substance use, choosing moderation as a treatment goal is associated with a greater overall improvement in quality of life.