Presentation Title

Deflecting Trait Perceptions of Arrogance Through the Manipulation of Ordinal Placement of Disclaimers

Faculty Mentor

Andrea Richards

Start Date

17-11-2018 9:45 AM

End Date

17-11-2018 10:00 AM

Location

C153

Session

Oral 2

Type of Presentation

Oral Talk

Subject Area

behavioral_social_sciences

Abstract

Research indicates that the use of disclaimers often backfires. The use of a disclaimer has a significant effect of increasing the perception of a trait when used before a statement that contains the trait being disclaimed against (El-Alayli, Myers, Petersen, & Lystad, 2008). Our study investigated the effects of arrogance disclaimer position on the person perception of a speaker’s arrogance. 90 subjects read one of six scenarios. The six scenarios included either: an arrogant statement with a disclaimer before; an arrogant statement with no disclaimer; an arrogant statement with a disclaimer after; a non-arrogant statement with a disclaimer before; a non-arrogant statement with no disclaimer; a non-arrogant statement with a disclaimer after. Person perception of arrogance was rated on a 0-9 scale. Results indicated that disclaimer position with an arrogant statement had a significant effect on person perception of arrogance (p<.05), with a disclaimer after an arrogant statement being most effective, but that disclaimer position with a non-arrogant statement had no effect on person perception of arrogance (p>.05). This study demonstrated that backfiring can be forestalled if a disclaimer comes after a statement as opposed to before it.

Keywords: arrogance; disclaimer; disclaimer backfire; disclaimer position; trait perception

Summary of research results to be presented

Results of a two-way, between-subjects ANOVA indicated a main effect of statement type on person perception of arrogance. Subjects given an arrogant statement (M = 4.667) perceived a person to be more arrogant than subjects given a non-arrogant statement (M = 2.311), F(1, 84) = 22.37, p<.05. There was a main effect of disclaimer position on person perception of arrogance, F(2, 84) = 4.685, p<.05. Planned comparisons indicated no difference of person perception of arrogance when subjects were given a disclaimer after a statement (M = 2.933) versus when subjects were given no disclaimer (M = 2.967), F(1, 84) =.005, p>.05. However, subjects given a disclaimer before a statement (M = 4.567) perceived a person to be more arrogant than subjects given no disclaimer, F(1, 84) = 10.321, p<.05. There was an interaction between the variables, F(2, 84) = 9.009, p<.05. Analysis of simple effects indicated an effect of disclaimer position with an arrogant statement on person perception of arrogance, F(2, 84) = 11.515, p<.05. Planned comparisons indicated when subjects were given a disclaimer before an arrogant statement (M = 6.8), they perceived a person to be more arrogant than when subjects were given no disclaimer with an arrogant statement (M = 4.533), F(1, 84) = 20.719, p<.05. When subjects were given no disclaimer with an arrogant statement, they perceived a person to be more arrogant than when subjects were given a disclaimer after an arrogant statement (M = 2.667), F(1, 84) = 14.038, p<.05.

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 
Nov 17th, 9:45 AM Nov 17th, 10:00 AM

Deflecting Trait Perceptions of Arrogance Through the Manipulation of Ordinal Placement of Disclaimers

C153

Research indicates that the use of disclaimers often backfires. The use of a disclaimer has a significant effect of increasing the perception of a trait when used before a statement that contains the trait being disclaimed against (El-Alayli, Myers, Petersen, & Lystad, 2008). Our study investigated the effects of arrogance disclaimer position on the person perception of a speaker’s arrogance. 90 subjects read one of six scenarios. The six scenarios included either: an arrogant statement with a disclaimer before; an arrogant statement with no disclaimer; an arrogant statement with a disclaimer after; a non-arrogant statement with a disclaimer before; a non-arrogant statement with no disclaimer; a non-arrogant statement with a disclaimer after. Person perception of arrogance was rated on a 0-9 scale. Results indicated that disclaimer position with an arrogant statement had a significant effect on person perception of arrogance (p<.05), with a disclaimer after an arrogant statement being most effective, but that disclaimer position with a non-arrogant statement had no effect on person perception of arrogance (p>.05). This study demonstrated that backfiring can be forestalled if a disclaimer comes after a statement as opposed to before it.

Keywords: arrogance; disclaimer; disclaimer backfire; disclaimer position; trait perception