Presentation Title

The Ukrainian Crisis and How it has Led to Poor Russo-Western Relations

Faculty Mentor

Michael C. Harnett

Start Date

17-11-2018 10:15 AM

End Date

17-11-2018 10:30 AM

Location

C155

Session

Oral 2

Type of Presentation

Oral Talk

Subject Area

behavioral_social_sciences

Abstract

Keywords: Ukraine, Russia, West, Euromaidan, international relations, conflict, Crimea, conflict

Abstract

The Ukrainian Crisis, which began in 2013, has caused a break in relations between Russia and the Western world. This crisis is the culmination of the political movement known as “Euromaidan,” in which the Ukrainian population protested against its former president, Viktor Yanukovych, for refusing to create ties with the European Union (EU), the annexation of the Crimean Autonomous Republic by the Russian Federation, and the armed conflict in Ukraine caused by anti-protest activists. Due to Russia’s involvement in the Ukrainian Crisis, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and EU members feel vulnerable to Russia’s influence, pressure, and coercion. The global implications of this crisis have led to deep international instability with increasingly strained Russo-Western relations. This study examines the Cold War-like polarization between Russia and the Western world and the backlash Russia has received, such as heavy economic sanctions. Furthermore, Russia’s geopolitical actions pose threats to the global balance of power. This in turn may lead to further turmoil in international relations —not necessarily as an actual war, but as a clashing of ideologies. While Western countries adopt more of a liberal foreign policy agenda that advocates multilateralism, Russia’s conservative politics promote international pluralism, which calls into question the legitimacy of coercion in politics and allows superpowers like the Russian Federation to have a greater sphere of influence. Based on this background, this research will show how this tension between Russia and the West will lead to a lack of cooperation in key global and human-rights related conflicts as norms, values, and diplomacy make compromise increasingly difficult. Consequently, there may be risks of global political unrest if relations are not improved.

Summary of research results to be presented

In order to showcase how the Ukrainian Crisis has worsened relations between Russia and the West, this research will examine various scholarly journals, organizations, and interviews and their response to Euromaidan and international relations. Academic sources showcase individual research with varying perspectives to recent Russo-Western relations. They also show potential global implications in their respective arguments. Organizations such as the Migration Policy Institute, the United Nations, and UNICEF all bring statistics and further analysis on Euromaidan and its impacts. Scholarly research allows insight on the role of Crimea in breaking relations between Russia and the West, the clash of values between them, and the threat these factors having on current international laws and procedures. The culmination of these sources of information have led to the conclusion that the Ukrainian Crisis, particularly the annexation of the Crimean Autonomous Republic by the Russian Federation, have led to fear of Russia exercising unauthorized power over other nations, and thus disturbing global peace. There is the view that Russia’s geopolitical actions give way to international pluralism, giving the federation far more influence and power. With this in mind, Russia’s actions go against the UN’s multilateralism agenda, which could lead to more global crises, especially regarding political reign. This polarization is dangerous to international security, as division continues to grow between Russia and the Western world.

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Nov 17th, 10:15 AM Nov 17th, 10:30 AM

The Ukrainian Crisis and How it has Led to Poor Russo-Western Relations

C155

Keywords: Ukraine, Russia, West, Euromaidan, international relations, conflict, Crimea, conflict

Abstract

The Ukrainian Crisis, which began in 2013, has caused a break in relations between Russia and the Western world. This crisis is the culmination of the political movement known as “Euromaidan,” in which the Ukrainian population protested against its former president, Viktor Yanukovych, for refusing to create ties with the European Union (EU), the annexation of the Crimean Autonomous Republic by the Russian Federation, and the armed conflict in Ukraine caused by anti-protest activists. Due to Russia’s involvement in the Ukrainian Crisis, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and EU members feel vulnerable to Russia’s influence, pressure, and coercion. The global implications of this crisis have led to deep international instability with increasingly strained Russo-Western relations. This study examines the Cold War-like polarization between Russia and the Western world and the backlash Russia has received, such as heavy economic sanctions. Furthermore, Russia’s geopolitical actions pose threats to the global balance of power. This in turn may lead to further turmoil in international relations —not necessarily as an actual war, but as a clashing of ideologies. While Western countries adopt more of a liberal foreign policy agenda that advocates multilateralism, Russia’s conservative politics promote international pluralism, which calls into question the legitimacy of coercion in politics and allows superpowers like the Russian Federation to have a greater sphere of influence. Based on this background, this research will show how this tension between Russia and the West will lead to a lack of cooperation in key global and human-rights related conflicts as norms, values, and diplomacy make compromise increasingly difficult. Consequently, there may be risks of global political unrest if relations are not improved.