Presentation Title

Mental health and education disparities: Comparisons of psychological functioning and academic outcomes between white and ethnic minority college students in recovery

Faculty Mentor

Dr. Y. Tsong

Start Date

17-11-2018 2:30 PM

End Date

17-11-2018 2:45 PM

Location

C158

Session

Oral 3

Type of Presentation

Oral Talk

Subject Area

behavioral_social_sciences

Abstract

In 2015, the Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality ran a National Survey on Drug Use and Health and reported 66.7 million Americans self-reported, binge drinking in the last month and 27.1 million people self-reported being, current illicit drug, or misusers of prescription drugs. Consequences associated with addictions can be measured in accumulated costs, physical and severe mental health detriments, reduced quality of life and increasing criminal and violent activity. College campuses are recognized as prime grounds for high-risk behaviors; at least 4% of any given general student population identify as substance dependent.

Recovery is a multidimensional concept that includes new methods of navigating one’s life, in a process to reduce or end substance use, increase healthy functioning, and improve the overall quality of life. The first national survey of persons in recovery documents the benefit of recognizing healing after the detrimental effects of substance misuse, which affects the United States (U.S.) at immense numbers. Maintaining recovery as well as balancing work, family, and school demands can be a difficult endeavor. This study aims to examine the factors that contribute to experiences of racial/ethnic minority college students’ recovering experience, including their mental health (depression and anxiety) and academic performances (i.e., GPA).

Participants and Procedure. The study recruits racial/minority college students (2 or 4 years & graduate) via personal and professional network to fill out an anonymous online survey about their substance use history, recovery method, current level of perceived stress (measured by Perceived Stress Inventory), psychological functioning (depression measured by CESD-10, anxiety measured by GAD-7), and academic performances (measured by current semester GPA)

Summary of research results to be presented

Results & Implications. Students (N=82) were categorized by gender (male =29, female =53) and race (White = 36, People of Color, POC =46). Significant differences were found between white and POC students in their depression and anxiety levels. POC reported higher levels of depression and anxiety (M=14.52, SD=1.09) than whites (M=9.65, SD=1.16). POC were also found to have a lower GPA than whites. When looking at the interaction effects of gender and race, male POC Male, POC were also more likely to experience higher rates of depression and anxiety and have lower GPA’s.

Results of this study can provide insights to educators, college staff, and policymakers to provide support and promote psychological well-being and academic performance. Additional discussions of the results and clinical implications will be included in the presentation.

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Nov 17th, 2:30 PM Nov 17th, 2:45 PM

Mental health and education disparities: Comparisons of psychological functioning and academic outcomes between white and ethnic minority college students in recovery

C158

In 2015, the Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality ran a National Survey on Drug Use and Health and reported 66.7 million Americans self-reported, binge drinking in the last month and 27.1 million people self-reported being, current illicit drug, or misusers of prescription drugs. Consequences associated with addictions can be measured in accumulated costs, physical and severe mental health detriments, reduced quality of life and increasing criminal and violent activity. College campuses are recognized as prime grounds for high-risk behaviors; at least 4% of any given general student population identify as substance dependent.

Recovery is a multidimensional concept that includes new methods of navigating one’s life, in a process to reduce or end substance use, increase healthy functioning, and improve the overall quality of life. The first national survey of persons in recovery documents the benefit of recognizing healing after the detrimental effects of substance misuse, which affects the United States (U.S.) at immense numbers. Maintaining recovery as well as balancing work, family, and school demands can be a difficult endeavor. This study aims to examine the factors that contribute to experiences of racial/ethnic minority college students’ recovering experience, including their mental health (depression and anxiety) and academic performances (i.e., GPA).

Participants and Procedure. The study recruits racial/minority college students (2 or 4 years & graduate) via personal and professional network to fill out an anonymous online survey about their substance use history, recovery method, current level of perceived stress (measured by Perceived Stress Inventory), psychological functioning (depression measured by CESD-10, anxiety measured by GAD-7), and academic performances (measured by current semester GPA)