Presentation Title

The trend of China’s rural ageing problem and its solution

Presenter Information

Yingyu WuFollow
Derek Milne

Faculty Mentor

Derek Milne

Start Date

17-11-2018 8:30 AM

End Date

17-11-2018 8:45 AM

Location

C151

Session

Oral 1

Type of Presentation

Oral Talk

Subject Area

behavioral_social_sciences

Abstract

Currently, the aging of the population is the demographic trend of China. Several reasons accelerated the aging in China. First, due to the one-child policy, the ageing population was enlarged in the proportion of national population. Secondly, after decades of economic development and productivity advancement, as well as improved health care, the life expectancy of older people has increased. The ageing problem is even severe in the villages as huge number of young labour go to cities to work, which slows down the aging of cities while deepens the aging of villages. The phenomenon of "empty nesters" in villages has become increasingly prominent as most young labor force leaves. In addition, the rural endowment security system is extremely deficient, and the medical and health conditions are not optimistic. How to cope with the severe challenges of rural aging is an urgent problem in Chinese society at present. This paper makes an in-depth study of the villages of China’s ageing population proportion, family economic structure model, old people's physical and mental status, economy and housing, rural pension system and endowment insurance. This paper concludes that the main problems of rural aging can be attributed to the weakening of family endowment function, the incomplete endowment security system, and the low level of social assistance such as nursing homes. In response to the problem of aging in rural China, a comprehensive rural old-age security system in accordance with national conditions and public sentiments must be built. Therefore, this paper proposes countermeasures for rural aging. The way to slow down the ageing phenomenon is to develope a comprehensive policy to provide old people with a sense of security, a sense of belonging and a sense of worthiness.

Summary of research results to be presented

This paper concludes that the main problems of rural aging can be attributed to the weakening of family endowment function, the incomplete endowment security system, and the low level of social assistance such as nursing homes. In response to the problem of aging in rural China, a comprehensive rural old-age security system in accordance with national conditions and public sentiments must be built.

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Nov 17th, 8:30 AM Nov 17th, 8:45 AM

The trend of China’s rural ageing problem and its solution

C151

Currently, the aging of the population is the demographic trend of China. Several reasons accelerated the aging in China. First, due to the one-child policy, the ageing population was enlarged in the proportion of national population. Secondly, after decades of economic development and productivity advancement, as well as improved health care, the life expectancy of older people has increased. The ageing problem is even severe in the villages as huge number of young labour go to cities to work, which slows down the aging of cities while deepens the aging of villages. The phenomenon of "empty nesters" in villages has become increasingly prominent as most young labor force leaves. In addition, the rural endowment security system is extremely deficient, and the medical and health conditions are not optimistic. How to cope with the severe challenges of rural aging is an urgent problem in Chinese society at present. This paper makes an in-depth study of the villages of China’s ageing population proportion, family economic structure model, old people's physical and mental status, economy and housing, rural pension system and endowment insurance. This paper concludes that the main problems of rural aging can be attributed to the weakening of family endowment function, the incomplete endowment security system, and the low level of social assistance such as nursing homes. In response to the problem of aging in rural China, a comprehensive rural old-age security system in accordance with national conditions and public sentiments must be built. Therefore, this paper proposes countermeasures for rural aging. The way to slow down the ageing phenomenon is to develope a comprehensive policy to provide old people with a sense of security, a sense of belonging and a sense of worthiness.