Presentation Title

A Cross-Cultural Study of Loneliness Among Emerging Adults in College

Faculty Mentor

Dr. Andrea Hopmeyer

Start Date

18-11-2017 10:00 AM

End Date

18-11-2017 11:00 AM

Location

BSC-Ursa Minor 11

Session

Poster 1

Type of Presentation

Poster

Subject Area

behavioral_social_sciences

Abstract

This cross-sectional study examined emerging adults’ reasons for loneliness in a sample of 639 (445 females, 194 males) emerging adults in the U.S. sample and 746 (533 females, 213 males) emerging adults in the Polish sample. This study uniquely used separate measures for loneliness and reasons for loneliness. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that the causes of emerging adults’ loneliness were best described using five underlying dimensions -- social integration deficits, friendship deficits, romantic relationship deficits, identity deficits, and uncertainties about the future. The results also showed that students’ reasons for loneliness varied as a function of gender and class standing. Females in the U.S. scored higher than males on the social integration deficits and uncertainties about the future dimensions. However, males scored higher than females on the romantic relationship deficits dimension. First-year-students in the U.S. were more likely than other students to identify social integration deficits as the source of their loneliness. However, in Poland, these gender differences were not as distinct and instead an interaction between gender and class standing was found for the emerging adults in Poland for for the uncertainties about the future dimension. This study emphasizes the importance of considering cultural and societal differences when examining the different reasons for loneliness among emerging adults. School personnel will likely benefit from a fuller understanding of the factors that challenge college students’ emotional well-being

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Nov 18th, 10:00 AM Nov 18th, 11:00 AM

A Cross-Cultural Study of Loneliness Among Emerging Adults in College

BSC-Ursa Minor 11

This cross-sectional study examined emerging adults’ reasons for loneliness in a sample of 639 (445 females, 194 males) emerging adults in the U.S. sample and 746 (533 females, 213 males) emerging adults in the Polish sample. This study uniquely used separate measures for loneliness and reasons for loneliness. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that the causes of emerging adults’ loneliness were best described using five underlying dimensions -- social integration deficits, friendship deficits, romantic relationship deficits, identity deficits, and uncertainties about the future. The results also showed that students’ reasons for loneliness varied as a function of gender and class standing. Females in the U.S. scored higher than males on the social integration deficits and uncertainties about the future dimensions. However, males scored higher than females on the romantic relationship deficits dimension. First-year-students in the U.S. were more likely than other students to identify social integration deficits as the source of their loneliness. However, in Poland, these gender differences were not as distinct and instead an interaction between gender and class standing was found for the emerging adults in Poland for for the uncertainties about the future dimension. This study emphasizes the importance of considering cultural and societal differences when examining the different reasons for loneliness among emerging adults. School personnel will likely benefit from a fuller understanding of the factors that challenge college students’ emotional well-being