Presentation Title

A Spatial Analysis of Gender and Healthcare in Peru

Faculty Mentor

Lia Roberts, Luiza Nogaj, Sylvine Deprele, Stephen Inrig, Patrick Kahn

Start Date

18-11-2017 10:00 AM

End Date

18-11-2017 11:00 AM

Location

BSC-Ursa Minor 23

Session

Poster 1

Type of Presentation

Poster

Subject Area

behavioral_social_sciences

Abstract

Indigenous populations in Peru face significant barriers to healthcare resulting from social, economic, and environmental factors. These barriers exacerbate health inequities between rural and urban areas. The indigenous population is particularly vulnerable because it tends to reside in rural and remote areas of the Andes and the Peruvian Amazon where basic sanitation, electricity, and secondary education are not always obtainable. Healthcare policy literature shows that healthcare access is often driven by urban and rural health dimensions where healthcare services and providers are available in the former, but limited in the latter. The women and politics literature focuses on the relationship between gender and institutional change as a determinant of access. This study seeks to expand the factors understood to influence access by examining the role of gender and indigeneity on healthcare access and cancer incidence. In order to explore these factors, a spatial analysis of health and socioeconomic data (using Geographic Information Systems, or GIS) is combined with a quantitative analysis of 45 face to face interviews conducted with health providers and women in the Cusco Province of Peru. Juxtaposing spatial analysis of data downloaded from various Peruvian government organizations and interview data collected by MSMU’s Global Women in STEM and Policy program, this paper argues that the role of gender and geography on health disparities is significant, and drives cancer outcomes. The hope is that policy makers and health providers will use data such as these to improve policy decisions and expand policy implementation outreach.

Keywords: healthcare, rural, urban, gender, GIS, Peru

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Nov 18th, 10:00 AM Nov 18th, 11:00 AM

A Spatial Analysis of Gender and Healthcare in Peru

BSC-Ursa Minor 23

Indigenous populations in Peru face significant barriers to healthcare resulting from social, economic, and environmental factors. These barriers exacerbate health inequities between rural and urban areas. The indigenous population is particularly vulnerable because it tends to reside in rural and remote areas of the Andes and the Peruvian Amazon where basic sanitation, electricity, and secondary education are not always obtainable. Healthcare policy literature shows that healthcare access is often driven by urban and rural health dimensions where healthcare services and providers are available in the former, but limited in the latter. The women and politics literature focuses on the relationship between gender and institutional change as a determinant of access. This study seeks to expand the factors understood to influence access by examining the role of gender and indigeneity on healthcare access and cancer incidence. In order to explore these factors, a spatial analysis of health and socioeconomic data (using Geographic Information Systems, or GIS) is combined with a quantitative analysis of 45 face to face interviews conducted with health providers and women in the Cusco Province of Peru. Juxtaposing spatial analysis of data downloaded from various Peruvian government organizations and interview data collected by MSMU’s Global Women in STEM and Policy program, this paper argues that the role of gender and geography on health disparities is significant, and drives cancer outcomes. The hope is that policy makers and health providers will use data such as these to improve policy decisions and expand policy implementation outreach.

Keywords: healthcare, rural, urban, gender, GIS, Peru