Presentation Title

Do Diet Carbonated Soft Drinkers Have Better Diet Quality? Evidence from WWEIA, NHANES (2005-2012).

Faculty Mentor

Pimbucha Rusmevichientong, Archana McEligot, Sinjini Mitra

Start Date

18-11-2017 2:15 PM

End Date

18-11-2017 3:15 PM

Location

BSC-Ursa Minor 101

Session

Poster 3

Type of Presentation

Poster

Subject Area

health_nutrition_clinical_science

Abstract

This study focuses on the differences in diet quality among different types of carbonated soft drinkers by age and weight categories. We used data from two non-consecutive days of dietary intake using 24-hour recalls of 36,877 subjects from What We Eat in America (WWEIA) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) over a period of 8 years (2005-2012). Respondents who reported having at least one beverage in each two non-consecutive days were included, and respondents who reported having mixed types of carbonated soft drinks in each two non-consecutive days were excluded. Three types of carbonated soft drinkers were created: sweetened, diet, and non-carbonated. The Nutrition Quality Index (NQI) was used to measure the level of diet quality. For each individual, the NQI was computed from the harmonic mean of the Intake Quality Score (IQS) of 13 nutrients that include: protein, vitamins A, C, E and B-12, calcium, iron, zinc, folate, thiamine, riboflavin, and potassium. The dataset was adjusted based on sample weighting and was analyzed using statistical tools like Analysis of variance (ANOVA). Our results indicate that diet carbonated soft drinkers have better diet quality overall when compared with sweetened carbonated soft drinkers and non-carbonated soft drinkers across the weight and age categories. Interestingly, the only exception to these results was present in the young age group of 5-17 years, where the average NQI of diet carbonated soft drinkers is lower.

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Nov 18th, 2:15 PM Nov 18th, 3:15 PM

Do Diet Carbonated Soft Drinkers Have Better Diet Quality? Evidence from WWEIA, NHANES (2005-2012).

BSC-Ursa Minor 101

This study focuses on the differences in diet quality among different types of carbonated soft drinkers by age and weight categories. We used data from two non-consecutive days of dietary intake using 24-hour recalls of 36,877 subjects from What We Eat in America (WWEIA) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) over a period of 8 years (2005-2012). Respondents who reported having at least one beverage in each two non-consecutive days were included, and respondents who reported having mixed types of carbonated soft drinks in each two non-consecutive days were excluded. Three types of carbonated soft drinkers were created: sweetened, diet, and non-carbonated. The Nutrition Quality Index (NQI) was used to measure the level of diet quality. For each individual, the NQI was computed from the harmonic mean of the Intake Quality Score (IQS) of 13 nutrients that include: protein, vitamins A, C, E and B-12, calcium, iron, zinc, folate, thiamine, riboflavin, and potassium. The dataset was adjusted based on sample weighting and was analyzed using statistical tools like Analysis of variance (ANOVA). Our results indicate that diet carbonated soft drinkers have better diet quality overall when compared with sweetened carbonated soft drinkers and non-carbonated soft drinkers across the weight and age categories. Interestingly, the only exception to these results was present in the young age group of 5-17 years, where the average NQI of diet carbonated soft drinkers is lower.