Presentation Title

Modeling Cultural Dissemination in Rural vs. Urban Regions

Faculty Mentor

Adam Landsberg

Start Date

18-11-2017 1:30 PM

End Date

18-11-2017 1:45 PM

Location

15-1822

Session

Social Science 3

Type of Presentation

Oral Talk

Subject Area

behavioral_social_sciences

Abstract

We adapt Axelrod’s Adaptive Culture Model to study cultural dissemination across rural and urban regions. We assume that agents in urban regions interact with a wider range of agents and interact more frequently than their rural counterparts. We find that increasing urban interaction frequency and/or interaction range leads to cultural homogeneity in urban regions. Increasing the interaction range in the urban regions leads to cultural homogeneity in rural regions, while increasing the frequency of interaction in urban regions has the effect of driving rural regions toward heterogeneity.

Summary of research results to be presented

We considered a lattice of agents, each with individual cultural characteristics. Interactions occurred between agents and their neighboring agents; these interactions had the potential to result in one agent adopting a cultural trait from the agent it interacted with, thus spreading a certain cultural characteristic. The lattice was split into three sections: two “urban” areas separated by a “rural” area. The urban areas were characterized by a larger neighborhood size (interaction range) and/or more frequent interactions between agents. When the lattice reached equilibrium, the homogeneity of each area was assessed by counting the number of distinct cultures present.

Our findings are as follows:

1. Increasing interaction range of the agents in the urban areas relative to the agents in the rural areas increased homogeneity of both the urban and rural areas.

2. Increasing interaction frequency of the agents in the urban areas relative to the agents in the rural areas increased homogeneity of the urban areas but surprisingly increased the heterogeneity of the rural areas.

3. Increasing interaction range and frequency of the agents in the urban areas together increased homogeneity of urban areas and increased heterogeneity of the rural areas.

Our results are significant because this is one of the first agent-based studies to consider how range of interaction and interaction frequency influence the dissemination of culture in urban vs. rural areas.

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 
Nov 18th, 1:30 PM Nov 18th, 1:45 PM

Modeling Cultural Dissemination in Rural vs. Urban Regions

15-1822

We adapt Axelrod’s Adaptive Culture Model to study cultural dissemination across rural and urban regions. We assume that agents in urban regions interact with a wider range of agents and interact more frequently than their rural counterparts. We find that increasing urban interaction frequency and/or interaction range leads to cultural homogeneity in urban regions. Increasing the interaction range in the urban regions leads to cultural homogeneity in rural regions, while increasing the frequency of interaction in urban regions has the effect of driving rural regions toward heterogeneity.