Presentation Title

Why Is the US Ranked Lower than Switzerland in the Human Freedom Index?: A Comparison between Two Democratic Countries

Faculty Mentor

Joon Kil

Start Date

23-11-2019 9:00 AM

End Date

23-11-2019 9:15 AM

Location

Markstein 101

Session

oral 1

Type of Presentation

Oral Talk

Subject Area

behavioral_social_sciences

Abstract

Undoubtedly, the people living in the US experience the utmost freedom compared to countries. However, the United States is not the freest country of the world, according to “The Human Freedom Index 2018” ranks the USA as number 17 from 162 countries and Switzerland as number two. To answer the question, why the US is lower ranked than Switzerland in the Human Freedom Index four independent variables need to be discussed.

The first variable is the rule of law which concerns if prisoners are treated humanely in custody. My second independent variable is security and safety which is the right to live in security because security is needed to fully exercise our freedom. My third variable is political participation which are activities to influence politics such as voting. There is a correlation between democracy and human freedom where political participation is a measurement for democracy. The higher the democracy, the higher the human freedom. The last variable measures the economic freedom of individuals through freedom of movement of capital and humans.

Switzerland emphasizes rehabilitation of inmates rather than punishment which reduces the recidivism rate and the number of overcrowded prisons whereas the U.S struggles with higher recidivism rates of young people because of less access to rehabilitation programs. The Swiss live in a securer place than the Americans because robbery, rape and homicide rates are lower. Americans have more obstacles if they want to vote because of voting registration. Overall, Switzerland provides employers more freedom regarding access to human capital because Switzerland is a member of the Schengen area. The US has a complex visa system which can be overwhelming for foreign professionals Implementing some ideas from Switzerland will help to improve the democracy in the U.S.

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Nov 23rd, 9:00 AM Nov 23rd, 9:15 AM

Why Is the US Ranked Lower than Switzerland in the Human Freedom Index?: A Comparison between Two Democratic Countries

Markstein 101

Undoubtedly, the people living in the US experience the utmost freedom compared to countries. However, the United States is not the freest country of the world, according to “The Human Freedom Index 2018” ranks the USA as number 17 from 162 countries and Switzerland as number two. To answer the question, why the US is lower ranked than Switzerland in the Human Freedom Index four independent variables need to be discussed.

The first variable is the rule of law which concerns if prisoners are treated humanely in custody. My second independent variable is security and safety which is the right to live in security because security is needed to fully exercise our freedom. My third variable is political participation which are activities to influence politics such as voting. There is a correlation between democracy and human freedom where political participation is a measurement for democracy. The higher the democracy, the higher the human freedom. The last variable measures the economic freedom of individuals through freedom of movement of capital and humans.

Switzerland emphasizes rehabilitation of inmates rather than punishment which reduces the recidivism rate and the number of overcrowded prisons whereas the U.S struggles with higher recidivism rates of young people because of less access to rehabilitation programs. The Swiss live in a securer place than the Americans because robbery, rape and homicide rates are lower. Americans have more obstacles if they want to vote because of voting registration. Overall, Switzerland provides employers more freedom regarding access to human capital because Switzerland is a member of the Schengen area. The US has a complex visa system which can be overwhelming for foreign professionals Implementing some ideas from Switzerland will help to improve the democracy in the U.S.