Presentation Title

Taking Cover: A Comparison of the Prevalence of Gun Violence in the United States and Canadas

Faculty Mentor

Joon Kil

Start Date

23-11-2019 11:00 AM

End Date

23-11-2019 11:15 AM

Location

Markstein 101

Session

oral 2

Type of Presentation

Oral Talk

Subject Area

behavioral_social_sciences

Abstract

In examining the increased prevalence of gun violence in the United States and Canada, it is important to analyze various factors involved in contributing to the prevalence of gun violence in a nation. It was hypothesized that the higher prevalence of gun violence in the United States compared to the lower prevalence of gun violence in Canada could be explained by examining four domestic factors relating to both nations for research, including the availability of mental health and rehabilitation services, the availability of firearms to civilians, the prevalence of gangs, and the treatment of marginalized groups. With suicides amounting to around two-thirds of all gun-related deaths in the United States and Canada, and with approximately ninety percent of individuals suffering from a mental illness at the time of suicide, it is necessary to examine and compare the data of available mental health services and their accessibility to civilians and how it contributes to the prevalence of gun violence in both nations. Additionally, a comparison of federal, state, and provincial, gun control legislation and policies in both nations were conducted, as well data collection on the availability of firearms and civilian gun ownership and the processes of licensing and registration. Furthermore, data was collected on the prevalence of gangs and the treatment of marginalized groups, including the political and social environments, of each nation. The results demonstrated a positive correlation between rates of civilian gun ownership and the rates of homicides and suicides in both nations, amongst other statistics backing up the factors relating to the prevalence of gun violence in the United States and Canada, and affirming the hypothesis.

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Nov 23rd, 11:00 AM Nov 23rd, 11:15 AM

Taking Cover: A Comparison of the Prevalence of Gun Violence in the United States and Canadas

Markstein 101

In examining the increased prevalence of gun violence in the United States and Canada, it is important to analyze various factors involved in contributing to the prevalence of gun violence in a nation. It was hypothesized that the higher prevalence of gun violence in the United States compared to the lower prevalence of gun violence in Canada could be explained by examining four domestic factors relating to both nations for research, including the availability of mental health and rehabilitation services, the availability of firearms to civilians, the prevalence of gangs, and the treatment of marginalized groups. With suicides amounting to around two-thirds of all gun-related deaths in the United States and Canada, and with approximately ninety percent of individuals suffering from a mental illness at the time of suicide, it is necessary to examine and compare the data of available mental health services and their accessibility to civilians and how it contributes to the prevalence of gun violence in both nations. Additionally, a comparison of federal, state, and provincial, gun control legislation and policies in both nations were conducted, as well data collection on the availability of firearms and civilian gun ownership and the processes of licensing and registration. Furthermore, data was collected on the prevalence of gangs and the treatment of marginalized groups, including the political and social environments, of each nation. The results demonstrated a positive correlation between rates of civilian gun ownership and the rates of homicides and suicides in both nations, amongst other statistics backing up the factors relating to the prevalence of gun violence in the United States and Canada, and affirming the hypothesis.