Presentation Title

US- Saudi Arabian Relations: Factors that created an alliance

Faculty Mentor

Joon Kil

Start Date

23-11-2019 1:00 PM

End Date

23-11-2019 1:15 PM

Location

Markstein 301

Session

oral 3

Type of Presentation

Oral Talk

Subject Area

behavioral_social_sciences

Abstract

Author: Iman Abdul Qadir, Irvine Valley College

Mentor: Joon Kil, Irvine Valley College

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has become one of the United States closest allies in the Middle East. Today, the Middle East has become one of the most important regions abroad for US foreign policy for both economic and political purposes. Thus, a close ally has become a necessity, and despite their many fundamental differences, Saudi Arabia has filled this role for the US. Yet, as a global leader in morality and democracy, the United States’ close relationship with Saudi Arabia seems to contradict American ideals. Consequently, understanding the rationale behind the formation and upholding of this alliance is critical to contemporary US foreign policy. This paper seeks to explain the motivations behind this relationship through qualitative evidence, documents, and statements, as well as quantitative evidence and financial reports. An analysis of the available research yields four primary reasons for the past and present relationship between the US and Saudi Arabia: 1) oil as the primary reason for US interest in Saudi Arabia starting in the 1930s, 2) past and current Saudi investments into the US economy including military weapons deals, 3) Saudi Arabia’s role as a stabilizing force in the conflict ridden Middle East, 4) the succession of Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman and the signs of gradual progress under his reign. This paper is part of a growing body of research that seeks to analyze and explain the unlikely alliance between two vastly different nations. Through the combination of quantitative and qualitative evidence, this presentation contributes to research on this subject.

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Nov 23rd, 1:00 PM Nov 23rd, 1:15 PM

US- Saudi Arabian Relations: Factors that created an alliance

Markstein 301

Author: Iman Abdul Qadir, Irvine Valley College

Mentor: Joon Kil, Irvine Valley College

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has become one of the United States closest allies in the Middle East. Today, the Middle East has become one of the most important regions abroad for US foreign policy for both economic and political purposes. Thus, a close ally has become a necessity, and despite their many fundamental differences, Saudi Arabia has filled this role for the US. Yet, as a global leader in morality and democracy, the United States’ close relationship with Saudi Arabia seems to contradict American ideals. Consequently, understanding the rationale behind the formation and upholding of this alliance is critical to contemporary US foreign policy. This paper seeks to explain the motivations behind this relationship through qualitative evidence, documents, and statements, as well as quantitative evidence and financial reports. An analysis of the available research yields four primary reasons for the past and present relationship between the US and Saudi Arabia: 1) oil as the primary reason for US interest in Saudi Arabia starting in the 1930s, 2) past and current Saudi investments into the US economy including military weapons deals, 3) Saudi Arabia’s role as a stabilizing force in the conflict ridden Middle East, 4) the succession of Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman and the signs of gradual progress under his reign. This paper is part of a growing body of research that seeks to analyze and explain the unlikely alliance between two vastly different nations. Through the combination of quantitative and qualitative evidence, this presentation contributes to research on this subject.