Presentation Title

The Effects of Career Locus of Control on Planfulness among Emerging Adults

Faculty Mentor

Teru Toyokawa

Start Date

23-11-2019 8:45 AM

End Date

23-11-2019 9:30 AM

Location

6

Session

poster 2

Type of Presentation

Poster

Subject Area

behavioral_social_sciences

Abstract

The concept of planfulness is regarded as significant when individuals prepare and maintain long-term plans for their future. Emerging adults, many of whom make school-to-work transitions, are assumed to make the best decisions and reflect back as a result of their future career choices if they show higher levels of planful competence. Whether individuals believe that certain career outcomes are expected to be under their own control or dependent on external forces relating to planfulness competence, little is known about how emerging adults’ career-related locus of control may predict their planfulness.

Objective

The present study examined effects of career locus of control on planfulness among emerging adults. The moderating effect of parental education level, as proxy for familial socioeconomic status, in association between emerging adults’ locus of control and planfulness was also investigated.

Method

Data was collected from 292 undergraduate students who attended 4-year universities in California (76.8%=female; Mage=20.80, SD=2.81) were analyzed. Along with demographic information (i.e., age, gender, work status), participants’ career locus of control (i.e., internality, luck, helplessness, powerful others) and planfulness were assessed.

Results

Regression analysis revealed internality and luck positively predicted emerging adults’ levels of planfulness, whereas helplessness predicted planfulness negatively. When examining the moderating effect of participants’ parent’s education levels in relation between career locus of control and planfulness, the same dimensions of locus of control significantly predicted planfulness for participants whose parents’ education levels were high. Luck did not predict planfulness for participants having parents with lower education levels.

Discussion

Internality should be noted as a primary element to one’s own planfulness as it allows adoption to whatever situation occurs. Luck could be viewed as secondary determinant behind internality as an individual’s perception can play a role and how a situation is then acted upon.

Keywords: Planful competence, socioeconomic status, career, locus of control, emerging adulthood

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Nov 23rd, 8:45 AM Nov 23rd, 9:30 AM

The Effects of Career Locus of Control on Planfulness among Emerging Adults

6

The concept of planfulness is regarded as significant when individuals prepare and maintain long-term plans for their future. Emerging adults, many of whom make school-to-work transitions, are assumed to make the best decisions and reflect back as a result of their future career choices if they show higher levels of planful competence. Whether individuals believe that certain career outcomes are expected to be under their own control or dependent on external forces relating to planfulness competence, little is known about how emerging adults’ career-related locus of control may predict their planfulness.

Objective

The present study examined effects of career locus of control on planfulness among emerging adults. The moderating effect of parental education level, as proxy for familial socioeconomic status, in association between emerging adults’ locus of control and planfulness was also investigated.

Method

Data was collected from 292 undergraduate students who attended 4-year universities in California (76.8%=female; Mage=20.80, SD=2.81) were analyzed. Along with demographic information (i.e., age, gender, work status), participants’ career locus of control (i.e., internality, luck, helplessness, powerful others) and planfulness were assessed.

Results

Regression analysis revealed internality and luck positively predicted emerging adults’ levels of planfulness, whereas helplessness predicted planfulness negatively. When examining the moderating effect of participants’ parent’s education levels in relation between career locus of control and planfulness, the same dimensions of locus of control significantly predicted planfulness for participants whose parents’ education levels were high. Luck did not predict planfulness for participants having parents with lower education levels.

Discussion

Internality should be noted as a primary element to one’s own planfulness as it allows adoption to whatever situation occurs. Luck could be viewed as secondary determinant behind internality as an individual’s perception can play a role and how a situation is then acted upon.

Keywords: Planful competence, socioeconomic status, career, locus of control, emerging adulthood