Presentation Title

Antibiotic Resistance in Gonorrhea

Presenter Information

Becca WalkerFollow
Ryan EugenioFollow

Faculty Mentor

Heping Zhao

Start Date

23-11-2019 8:45 AM

End Date

23-11-2019 9:30 AM

Location

180

Session

poster 2

Type of Presentation

Poster

Subject Area

health_nutrition_clinical_science

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is a crisis that is spreading across the globe. Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the bacterium that causes the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea. While this bacterial infection was once easily cured with common antibiotics like penicillin or doxycycline, many new cases are appearing resistant to these drugs. Neisseria gonorrhoeae has shown to be resistant to at least one of these antibiotics in approximately 30% of 78 million cases as of 2010 [World Health Organization (2017)]. We hypothesized that increasing rates of antibiotic resistant bacteria, particularly N. gonorrhoeae, can be attributed to overuse and misuse of antibiotics and a lack of new drug developments. Antibiotics are being overprescribed worldwide because they are easily accessible, plentiful, and cheap. In addition to being overprescribed, they are oftentimes incorrectly prescribed. The biggest issue with antibiotic resistance is the inability to combat infections that were once easily treatable. There is a lack of new development of antibiotics. Many companies are simply unwilling to research new drugs because of the lack of profit involved. To test our hypothesis, we reviewed data from rapid susceptibility testing and studied antibiotic selection strategies. We concluded that there are currently only two antibiotics that are still proven to work on gonorrhea. However, data supporting our hypothesis revealed growing resistance to N. gonorrhoeae due to the overuse and misuse of antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance is a serious threat to the public’s health. Antibiotic resistant bacteria can cause illnesses, such as gonorrhea, to become much more difficult to kill, leading to dangerous infections.

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Nov 23rd, 8:45 AM Nov 23rd, 9:30 AM

Antibiotic Resistance in Gonorrhea

180

Antibiotic resistance is a crisis that is spreading across the globe. Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the bacterium that causes the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea. While this bacterial infection was once easily cured with common antibiotics like penicillin or doxycycline, many new cases are appearing resistant to these drugs. Neisseria gonorrhoeae has shown to be resistant to at least one of these antibiotics in approximately 30% of 78 million cases as of 2010 [World Health Organization (2017)]. We hypothesized that increasing rates of antibiotic resistant bacteria, particularly N. gonorrhoeae, can be attributed to overuse and misuse of antibiotics and a lack of new drug developments. Antibiotics are being overprescribed worldwide because they are easily accessible, plentiful, and cheap. In addition to being overprescribed, they are oftentimes incorrectly prescribed. The biggest issue with antibiotic resistance is the inability to combat infections that were once easily treatable. There is a lack of new development of antibiotics. Many companies are simply unwilling to research new drugs because of the lack of profit involved. To test our hypothesis, we reviewed data from rapid susceptibility testing and studied antibiotic selection strategies. We concluded that there are currently only two antibiotics that are still proven to work on gonorrhea. However, data supporting our hypothesis revealed growing resistance to N. gonorrhoeae due to the overuse and misuse of antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance is a serious threat to the public’s health. Antibiotic resistant bacteria can cause illnesses, such as gonorrhea, to become much more difficult to kill, leading to dangerous infections.