Presentation Title

The origins of the Brazilian Water Governance

Faculty Mentor

Ian Read

Start Date

23-11-2019 10:00 AM

End Date

23-11-2019 10:45 AM

Location

207

Session

poster 3

Type of Presentation

Poster

Subject Area

interdisciplinary

Abstract

Regardless of which public goods the government is expected to supply, the concept of the Western liberal/fiscal state is based on the assumption that the government should not only provide defense, but also support citizens welfare. Modern Brazil faces a debate concerning whether the government will continue to provide certain goods, such as universal health care or infrastructure. This poster will present some of the findings addressing the origins of Brazil’s water governance, in particular towards the drought-prone Northeast during the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. This time period reflects both the beginning of the Republican system as well as the creation of the first national agency for infrastructure of water resources (Inspetoria de Obras Contra as Secas - IOCS), based on the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. Looking at Brazilian public policies towards drought can provide insights regarding the origins of Brazil’s liberal/fiscal state. Between 1877 and 1919, Brazil was not an exception for its time. Hanley (2018) pointed out that Brazil was inserted into the Western pattern of the rise of the fiscal state. Other scholars focused on the influence the international community exerted upon the Brazilian national agenda. The content of my poster is part of an ongoing research I have worked on for the past year about how drought response and public policies in the northeast have transformed from small agencies into large institutions upon which Brazilian development may depend. Although I have found significant data explaining the Imperial response to drought as well as the Republican response from the 1920's onward, very little has been written about the origins of Brazil's water governance. Using primary and secondary sources, my poster will demonstrate how water management became a key component of the Brazilian fiscal state that emerged in the twentieth century.

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Nov 23rd, 10:00 AM Nov 23rd, 10:45 AM

The origins of the Brazilian Water Governance

207

Regardless of which public goods the government is expected to supply, the concept of the Western liberal/fiscal state is based on the assumption that the government should not only provide defense, but also support citizens welfare. Modern Brazil faces a debate concerning whether the government will continue to provide certain goods, such as universal health care or infrastructure. This poster will present some of the findings addressing the origins of Brazil’s water governance, in particular towards the drought-prone Northeast during the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. This time period reflects both the beginning of the Republican system as well as the creation of the first national agency for infrastructure of water resources (Inspetoria de Obras Contra as Secas - IOCS), based on the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. Looking at Brazilian public policies towards drought can provide insights regarding the origins of Brazil’s liberal/fiscal state. Between 1877 and 1919, Brazil was not an exception for its time. Hanley (2018) pointed out that Brazil was inserted into the Western pattern of the rise of the fiscal state. Other scholars focused on the influence the international community exerted upon the Brazilian national agenda. The content of my poster is part of an ongoing research I have worked on for the past year about how drought response and public policies in the northeast have transformed from small agencies into large institutions upon which Brazilian development may depend. Although I have found significant data explaining the Imperial response to drought as well as the Republican response from the 1920's onward, very little has been written about the origins of Brazil's water governance. Using primary and secondary sources, my poster will demonstrate how water management became a key component of the Brazilian fiscal state that emerged in the twentieth century.