Presentation Title

Sustainable Fabric for Inner Lining of Reusable Diaper on Durability, Comfort, and Care

Faculty Mentor

Jiangning Che

Start Date

23-11-2019 10:00 AM

End Date

23-11-2019 10:45 AM

Location

113

Session

poster 3

Type of Presentation

Poster

Subject Area

biological_agricultural_sciences

Abstract

Sustainable Fabric for Inner Lining of Reusable Diaper on Durability, Comfort, and Care

One of the biggest issues with overwhelming disposable diapers is the impact it has on our environment. This particular research focuses on determining the ideal fabric for a removable “pad-like” inner lining for reusable diapers. Five candidate fabrics made from sustainable natural textile fibers, which are flannelette from organic cotton, jersey from hemp, muslin from Lyocell, faille from bamboo rayon, and chambray from flax respectively, were tested and evaluated for comparison. The purpose is to provide information to retailer, manufacturers, and consumers in choosing more eco-friendly options over devastating disposable diapers in the market place. Test procedures from ASTM and AATCC were chosen to measure fabric’s physical and mechanical performance in terms of durability, comfort, and care. Specifically, these procedures include AATCC TM79: Absorbency of Textiles, AATCC TM130: Soil Release - Oily Stain Release Method, AATCC TM128: Wrinkle Recovery of Fabrics - Appearance Method, AATCC TM135: Dimensional Changes of Fabrics after Home Laundering, AATCC EP5: Fabric Hand: Guidelines for the Subjective Evaluation of Fabrics, and ASTM D3884: Standard Guide for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double Head-Method). The goal is to refine the quantitative data and to optimize material selection. A multicriteria decision making process was utilized to help optimize the test data from the seven performance tests conducted. We finally made a decision based on multiple criteria of performance properties concerned, utilizing the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) methods, which facilitate the final selection of the base layer fabric, according to the desired performance properties of diaper lining.

The results indicated that cotton flannelette performed far better than the remaining four fabric materials, based on the performance properties criteria examined. A recommendation of organic cotton flannelette fabric would be the optimal choice in the manufacturing of a removable lining for reusable diapers.

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Nov 23rd, 10:00 AM Nov 23rd, 10:45 AM

Sustainable Fabric for Inner Lining of Reusable Diaper on Durability, Comfort, and Care

113

Sustainable Fabric for Inner Lining of Reusable Diaper on Durability, Comfort, and Care

One of the biggest issues with overwhelming disposable diapers is the impact it has on our environment. This particular research focuses on determining the ideal fabric for a removable “pad-like” inner lining for reusable diapers. Five candidate fabrics made from sustainable natural textile fibers, which are flannelette from organic cotton, jersey from hemp, muslin from Lyocell, faille from bamboo rayon, and chambray from flax respectively, were tested and evaluated for comparison. The purpose is to provide information to retailer, manufacturers, and consumers in choosing more eco-friendly options over devastating disposable diapers in the market place. Test procedures from ASTM and AATCC were chosen to measure fabric’s physical and mechanical performance in terms of durability, comfort, and care. Specifically, these procedures include AATCC TM79: Absorbency of Textiles, AATCC TM130: Soil Release - Oily Stain Release Method, AATCC TM128: Wrinkle Recovery of Fabrics - Appearance Method, AATCC TM135: Dimensional Changes of Fabrics after Home Laundering, AATCC EP5: Fabric Hand: Guidelines for the Subjective Evaluation of Fabrics, and ASTM D3884: Standard Guide for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double Head-Method). The goal is to refine the quantitative data and to optimize material selection. A multicriteria decision making process was utilized to help optimize the test data from the seven performance tests conducted. We finally made a decision based on multiple criteria of performance properties concerned, utilizing the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) methods, which facilitate the final selection of the base layer fabric, according to the desired performance properties of diaper lining.

The results indicated that cotton flannelette performed far better than the remaining four fabric materials, based on the performance properties criteria examined. A recommendation of organic cotton flannelette fabric would be the optimal choice in the manufacturing of a removable lining for reusable diapers.