Presentation Title

Food Insecurity and Its Impact on Children’s Math Abilities

Faculty Mentor

Devon Payne-Sturges

Start Date

23-11-2019 10:45 AM

End Date

23-11-2019 11:30 AM

Location

188

Session

poster 4

Type of Presentation

Poster

Subject Area

health_nutrition_clinical_science

Abstract

Food insecurity in the U.S. is defined as a lack of consistent access to enough food for an active, healthy life (USDA, 2018). According to Feeding America (2018) food insecure children fall behind academically and socially compared to their food secure counterparts. Additionally, food insecurity is associated with lower mathematics test scores (Feeding America, 2018). For this investigation, we utilized the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) which is a national survey sponsored by the National Center for Education Statistics that contains detailed information about children's early life experiences focusing on children's health, development, care, and education during the development from birth through kindergarten entry. We used a series of chi-square tests and ANOVA to evaluate whether there is a difference in the prevalence of food insecurity between Hispanic and non-Hispanic children. We also investigated whether food insecurity impacts children’s math abilities. We found that Asian American children were less likely to have food insecurities, as well as have higher scores in math. In addition, we found that African American and Hispanic (LatinX) children were most likely to be food insecure and have lower math scores. From our work, we were able to identify two of the most food vulnerable populations. These findings will be used for the development of wellness programs that help alleviate food insecurity at critical times of children’s development, which might in turn, aid in their learning and academic achievements.

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Nov 23rd, 10:45 AM Nov 23rd, 11:30 AM

Food Insecurity and Its Impact on Children’s Math Abilities

188

Food insecurity in the U.S. is defined as a lack of consistent access to enough food for an active, healthy life (USDA, 2018). According to Feeding America (2018) food insecure children fall behind academically and socially compared to their food secure counterparts. Additionally, food insecurity is associated with lower mathematics test scores (Feeding America, 2018). For this investigation, we utilized the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) which is a national survey sponsored by the National Center for Education Statistics that contains detailed information about children's early life experiences focusing on children's health, development, care, and education during the development from birth through kindergarten entry. We used a series of chi-square tests and ANOVA to evaluate whether there is a difference in the prevalence of food insecurity between Hispanic and non-Hispanic children. We also investigated whether food insecurity impacts children’s math abilities. We found that Asian American children were less likely to have food insecurities, as well as have higher scores in math. In addition, we found that African American and Hispanic (LatinX) children were most likely to be food insecure and have lower math scores. From our work, we were able to identify two of the most food vulnerable populations. These findings will be used for the development of wellness programs that help alleviate food insecurity at critical times of children’s development, which might in turn, aid in their learning and academic achievements.