Presentation Title

A Breath of Fresh Air

Presenter Information

Georgia AguilarFollow

Faculty Mentor

Lia Roberts, Adriane Jones

Start Date

23-11-2019 10:45 AM

End Date

23-11-2019 11:30 AM

Location

198

Session

poster 4

Type of Presentation

Poster

Subject Area

interdisciplinary

Abstract

A Breath of Fresh Air:Studying the Impact of Air Quality and Air Quality Policy on Rural and Marginalized Populations in Rajasthan, India

Studies show that air quality standards in India have historically been minimal and that consequently, nearly 12.5% of Indian deaths are related to air pollution. Many other studies also tend to highlight that factors, such as socioeconomics and geographic location, often affect the way that individuals perceive their respiratory health. As a response to the air quality crisis, the Indian government instituted a national “Clean Air Initiative,” which aims to bring down deadly air pollution by 20-30% by the year 2024 in 122 of the country’s most polluted cities. This study explores these efforts further and looks specifically at that state of Rajasthan, a geographic location with both industrial and rural areas. This study synthesizes data from 137 interviews collected in three rural Rajahstani villages, and air quality data collected with portable sensors, and publicly available data from the Ministry of the Environment, Forest and Climate Change collected in the summer of 2019; and demonstrates that unlike what has been promised by the Indian government, the Indian state of Rajasthan has yet to see significant decline in their air pollution. Furthermore, data obtained from a stationary air sensor in Udaipur, Rajasthan from 2016 through current does not suggest that that air quality is improving locally. PM 2.5 levels over the last three years averaged 60 micrograms per m3and ranged from as low as 5 and as high as 470 ug/m3. This study increases the scope of understanding about foundations of government mistrust and the impact of air quality on civilians as well as statistical changes over time.

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Nov 23rd, 10:45 AM Nov 23rd, 11:30 AM

A Breath of Fresh Air

198

A Breath of Fresh Air:Studying the Impact of Air Quality and Air Quality Policy on Rural and Marginalized Populations in Rajasthan, India

Studies show that air quality standards in India have historically been minimal and that consequently, nearly 12.5% of Indian deaths are related to air pollution. Many other studies also tend to highlight that factors, such as socioeconomics and geographic location, often affect the way that individuals perceive their respiratory health. As a response to the air quality crisis, the Indian government instituted a national “Clean Air Initiative,” which aims to bring down deadly air pollution by 20-30% by the year 2024 in 122 of the country’s most polluted cities. This study explores these efforts further and looks specifically at that state of Rajasthan, a geographic location with both industrial and rural areas. This study synthesizes data from 137 interviews collected in three rural Rajahstani villages, and air quality data collected with portable sensors, and publicly available data from the Ministry of the Environment, Forest and Climate Change collected in the summer of 2019; and demonstrates that unlike what has been promised by the Indian government, the Indian state of Rajasthan has yet to see significant decline in their air pollution. Furthermore, data obtained from a stationary air sensor in Udaipur, Rajasthan from 2016 through current does not suggest that that air quality is improving locally. PM 2.5 levels over the last three years averaged 60 micrograms per m3and ranged from as low as 5 and as high as 470 ug/m3. This study increases the scope of understanding about foundations of government mistrust and the impact of air quality on civilians as well as statistical changes over time.